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Alcohol, Tobacco & Drugs


 What is Binge Drinking?
 What's the harm with Binge Drinking?
 Alcohol Myth & Fact
 What is Alcoholism?
 Alcohol = Beer = Wine = Liquor ; How it all measures up.
 Key Facts about Tobacco
 Five Keys to Quitting Smoking
 Health Consequences of Smoking
 Other Links

 What is Binge Drinking?

Is it drinking for 3-4 days straight, and being un-restrained in everything you do during that time?

Is it giving up your regular responsibilities and obligations so that you can drink, and only drink?

Is it having more than 5-6 drinks in a row?

All of the Above

Binge drinking is a combination of all of the above. It can be having a lot of drinks in one sitting over an hour or two,
or drinking heavily for days, losing track of where you are or what your doing, etc.

 What's the harm with Binge Drinking?

This misperception is dangerous because when young people go off to college falsely thinking that "everybody" is
drinking and bingeing, they are more likely to drink and to "binge" in order to conform. Correcting this misperception
is important because it can empower young people and break the vicious self-fulfilling prophesy that helps perpetuate
collegiate alcohol abuse.

Individual students almost always believe that most others on campus drink more heavily than they do and the disparity
between the perceived and the actual behaviors tends to be quite large
                                                                                                                              (above taken from potsdam.edu)

Binge Drinking effects more than you know!

  • Missed Classes
  • Damaged Property
  • Fallen Behind in Classes
  • Injury
  • Unplanned Sexual Behavior
  • Unsafe Sexual Behavior = no condom = pregnancy & std's
  • Trouble with the Law
  • Drunk Driving
  • Effecting other students you live with
         

 What's the harm with Binge Drinking?

**MYTH: Beer is less intoxicating than other types of alcoholic beverage.

FACT: One 12-ounce can of beer, one 4-ounce glass of wine or one normal mixed drink or cocktail are all equally intoxicating.

**MYTH: Switching between beer, wine, and liquor will make you drunker.

FACT: Mixing types of drinks may make you sicker by upsetting your stomach, but not more intoxicated. Alcohol is alcohol.

**MYTH: Cold Showers, fresh air or hot coffee help sober a person.

FACT: Only time will remove alcohol from the system. It takes the body approximately one hour to eliminate the alcohol in one drink. An old saying goes, "give a drunk a cup of coffee and all you have is a wide-awake drunk.

**MYTH: Eating a big meal before you drink will keep you sober.

FACT: Drinking on a full stomach will only delay the absorption of alcohol into the bloodstream, not prevent it. Eating before you drink is not a defense against getting drunk.

**MYTH: Everyone reacts to alcohol in the same way.

FACT: Many factors that affect a person's reaction to alcohol — body weight, metabolism, gender, body chemistry, and many others.

(above taken from potsdam.edu)

 What is Alcoholism?

Know the signs:

  • Craving: A strong need, or compulsion, to drink.
  • Loss of control: The frequent inability to stop drinking once a person has begun.
  • Loss of control: The frequent inability to stop drinking once a person has begun.: The occurrence of withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety, when alcohol use is stopped after a period of heavy drinking. These symptoms are usually relieved by drinking alcohol or by taking another sedative drug.
  • Tolerance: The need for increasing amounts of alcohol in order to get "high."

When is it a problem?

  • Have you ever felt you should Cut down on your drinking?
  • Have people Annoyed you by criticizing your drinking?
  • Have you ever felt bad or Guilty about your drinking?
  • Have you ever had a drink first thing in the morning to steady your nerves or to get rid of a hangover (Eye opener)?

(information above from About.com)

 Alcohol = Beer = Wine = Liquor ; how it all measures up.

- U. S. STANDARD DRINK CONVERSION CHART

One Standard Drink Is Equal To

* 12 oz of BEER (4%)

* 4 oz of WINE (10% - 12%)

* 2 1/2 oz of FORTIFIED WINE (16% - 18%)

* 1 oz of HARD LIQUOR (86 proof - 100 proof; 43% - 50%)

* WINE: 1 Bottle
25 oz/750 ml = 6 standard drinks
40 oz/1.5 liter = 10 standard drinks
25 oz fortified = 10 standard drinks

* HARD LIQUOR: 1 Bottle
12 oz (mickey) = 12 standard drinks
26 oz = 25 standard drinks
40 oz = 40 standard drinks

 Key Facts About Tobacco:

  • The list of diseases caused by smoking has been expanded to include abdominal aortic aneurysm, acute myeloid leukemia, cataract, cervical cancer, kidney cancer, pancreatic cancer, pneumonia, periodontitis, and stomach cancer. These are in addition to diseases previously known to be caused by smoking, including bladder, esophageal, laryngeal, lung, oral, and throat cancers, chronic lung diseases, coronary heart and cardiovascular diseases, as well as reproductive effects and sudden infant death syndrome.

  • Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, and cigarette smoking causes most cases.

  • In 2003, an estimated 171,900 new cases of lung cancer occurred and approximately 157,200 people died from lung cancer. More

(taken from cdc.gov)

 External Informational Websites

* American Lung Association
 
* Tobacco News & Information

* California Department of Alcohol & Drug

* Alcohol & Your College Experience

* Alcohol & Drug Information

 


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