The Flora of Mount Shasta
Mountain HemlockPine Family (Pinaceae) Tsuga mertensiana
Growth Form: Tapering crown, leader droops to one side, lower branches droop and are much longer than upper.
Leaves: 1/2" to 3/4" in length, bristle in all directions; at branchlet tips the needles are clustered in a star like pattern.
Bark: Thick, deeply furrowed, purplish- to dark reddish-brown.
Cones: Cylindrical, 1 1/2" to 3" long. After the seed are released, the thin scales are reflexed back toward the cone base.
Found: Upper elevation in cool, moist basins to timberline. Klamath, Cascade, and Sierra Nevada mountain ranges.
Tidbits: At timberline and on exposed ridges, the trees are reduced to sprawling, ground-hugging, dwarf forms known as krummholz.
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