The Modoc language belongs to the Klamath/Modoc branch [Lutuamian] of the Penutian linguistic stock (Hinton 85). The Penutian speakers were late arrivals to the area, and it is believed that this linguistic group displaced many of the older Hokan speakers. Hinton wrote in 1994, that there were probably less than six Modoc speakers remaining, but that the Modoc were actively involved in programs designed to save their language from extinction (30-31).
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