The Wintu territory ranged from low land valleys to rolling hills and steep mountains. Summers are hot and dry, and winters range from cool and wet at lower elevations to cold with considerable snowfall in mountainous areas. The terrain and climate conditions make for diverse plant and animal populations. Plant communities include chaparral, pine and coniferous forests, oak woodland and riparian communites. Wildlife includes mammals, birds, reptile and amphibians (National Park Service).
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